Vehicle accidents can cause many different types of injuries, and back injuries are among the most common. The impact of a collision can strain the ligaments and muscles in the back, causing damage to the facet joints. Back injuries can range from minor strains and sprains to herniated discs and severe spinal damage.
Back Injury Types
- Spinal fractures. The spine is a complicated and delicate structure, and the most serious back injuries are those involving the spinal cord. In a vehicle accident, the upper portion of your body can be thrown forward while the lower part is pinned in place by your seat belt. This can pull the vertebrae apart, resulting in spinal fractures. These fractures can lead to moderate to severe back pain, tingling, and numbness.
- Herniated discs. Spinal discs act as cushions, absorbing most of the impact to the spine. If the soft center of a disc pushes through cracks in the disc’s exterior, the surrounding nerves may experience irritation. This is known as a herniated disc, and it can lead to sudden and intense back pain, weakness in the arms and shoulders, and numbness or tingling in the legs.
- Spondylolisthesis. Spondylolisthesis occurs when a vertebra shifts out of place due to a stress fracture in the bone. The displaced bone can put pressure on nerves, leading to pain or numbness. In the most severe cases, these injuries may result in the loss of bladder or bowel control.
- Soft tissue damage. Soft tissue ligaments, tendons, and muscles surrounding the vertebrae can be stretched or torn during a collision. This can impact numerous nerve endings, leading to pain that ranges from mild to severe.
You Need an Attorney
Even if you were only involved in a low-speed collision, if you experience back pain you should seek treatment by a medical professional right away. Once you’ve protected your health by visiting a doctor, you should preserve your legal rights by consulting an attorney. To learn more, contact the Law Office of Ben Crittenden, P.C., by clicking the Live Chat button on this page.